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Why Reservation Is Required: Understanding Its Importance

Reservation has been a topic of debate in many countries around the world, with people either advocating for or against it. While there are some who believe that reservation is unfair, others claim it is a necessary measure to provide equal opportunities for all citizens regardless of their social, cultural, and economic background. In this post, we will delve deeper into the debate and highlight why reservation is required.

What is Reservation?

Reservation is a system where a certain percentage of seats in educational institutions or jobs is set aside for individuals belonging to specific categories such as Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST), and Socially and Educationally Backward Classes (SEBCs). This system aims to address the past and present marginalization of certain communities by giving them equal opportunities in education and employment.

The Importance of Reservation

In a society that is plagued by centuries-old caste, class and gender-based hierarchies, affirmative action or reservation is required to ensure that individuals from marginalized communities are not left behind. Here are some reasons why reservation is crucial for a fair and just society:

1. Historical Injustice

Historically, certain communities in India have been marginalized, oppressed and subjugated by the dominant upper-caste groups. This has resulted in unequal access to resources, education and employment opportunities. Reservation provides these communities with a chance to break free from their past and work towards a better future.

2. Social and Economic Empowerment

Reservation is an essential tool for empowering socially and economically vulnerable communities. By creating opportunities for advancement in education and jobs, the system ensures that these communities can break free from the cycle of poverty and exploit their true potential.

3. Diversity and Representation

Reservation promotes diversity in educational institutions and workplaces, ensuring that students and professionals from all backgrounds can work together and learn from each other. It also provides marginalized communities with a greater representation in various fields, which can lead to more comprehensive and nuanced decision-making.

4. Equality and Justice

Reservation aims to create a level playing field where people from all backgrounds have access to the same opportunities. This ensures that everyone has an equal chance to succeed and thrive in their personal and professional lives.

Arguments Against Reservation

While reservation is considered by many as a necessary measure to ensure social justice and equality, there are some who believe that it is a discriminatory policy. Here are some arguments against reservation:

1. Merit and Competence

Opponents of reservation argue that the system promotes the selection of individuals based on their social background instead of their merit and competence. They argue that only those who meet the eligibility criteria should be selected for various educational and job opportunities, regardless of their social background.

2. Reverse Discrimination

Some people believe that reservation leads to reverse discrimination against upper-caste individuals who may be equally deserving but are not given the same opportunities. They argue that this policy can create resentment and division among different communities.

3. Lack of Efficacy

Some critics point out that reservations have not been able to achieve their intended goals effectively. They argue that while the system may provide short-term benefits to individuals from marginalized communities, it does not address the structural issues that cause inequality and discrimination.

4. Perpetuation of Caste-Based Discrimination

Some people believe that reservation perpetuates caste-based discrimination by dividing society into different categories and promoting certain groups over others. They argue that instead of addressing the root cause of the problem, reservation only exacerbates the issue.


Reservation is an important system that aims to address the historical and present marginalization of certain communities by providing them with equal opportunities in education and employment. While there are some arguments against reservation, there is no doubt that it is a necessary measure for creating a fair and just society. It is essential to strive towards a society where everyone has an equal chance to succeed, regardless of their social, cultural or economic background.