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Why are Property Prices So High?

Buying a property is a significant investment for anyone. However, the increasing property prices are making it challenging for many to step foot on the property ladder. The question we often ask ourselves is “Why are property prices so high”? Several factors have contributed to the rise of property prices, such as demand and supply, inflation, economic growth, location, and interest rates. In this blog post, we will dive into each of these factors and explain how these are driving the property prices up.

Supply and Demand

The age-old principle of ‘supply and demand’ is the most basic yet significant driver of property prices. Simply put, when demand for property exceeds its supply, prices will inevitably rise. People from all over the world rush to buy property in cities such as London and New York because they are attracted to the lifestyle, job opportunities, and high standard of living. Naturally, this high demand for property has led to an increase in prices.

Furthermore, population growth is another cause of the increased demand for property. In some parts of the world, the birth rate and immigration rates are increasing, which means there is a greater demand for homes. This additional demand for housing has resulted in the growth of the property market, driving up property prices.


Inflation is another factor that has contributed to the rise in property prices. When the cost of goods and services increases, the value of money decreases. As a result, it costs more to buy the same property than it did previously. Governments use various tools to control inflation rates, so they do not get out of control, but this is a delicate balance. As inflation increases, so do the cost of living, salaries and wages as well as interest rates. So, to compensate for these additional costs, the price of property has to rise.

Economic Growth

Another factor that affects property prices is economic growth. When an economy grows, there is a higher demand for property as people move to areas with better job opportunities and higher salaries. With the increase in demand, property prices rise as well. On the other hand, a poor performing economy can lead to a weaker property market, with lower demand for property and decreasing property prices.


The location of a property is a significant factor in determining its price. Areas with high demand, such as prestigious neighborhoods and central business districts, tend to have higher property prices than those in suburban or rural areas. Additionally, properties located near popular tourist attractions tend to command higher prices as they offer higher potential rental yields for investors.

Interest Rates

Interest rates have a big impact on the property market. When interest rates are low, it is easier for people to get onto the property ladder and take out a mortgage as repayments are lower. This increase in property buyers leads to an increase in demand, driving prices up. Conversely, when interest rates are high, it becomes more difficult for people to buy property, leading to a decrease in demand and lower prices.


The property market is complex, and many factors influence property prices. The increase in demand, location, inflation and economic growth have been significant drivers of property prices over recent years. Interest rates have also played a part in shaping the property market. While it may be discouraging for people trying to climb the property ladder, it is important to understand these market forces and seek advice from real estate professionals on how to navigate the property market to make a sound investment decision.

By understanding the factors that drive property prices, you can be better informed when buying property, as well as understand how the market is likely to behave and how it could affect your investment. Remember, investing in property should be a long-term strategy, and understanding the property market is essential to making the right investment decision.