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The Importance of Reservation System in India

India is a diverse country with people belonging to different castes, religions, and economic backgrounds. It has a history of social injustice towards lower castes, scheduled tribes, and backward classes. To address this inequality in society, the Indian government introduced a reservation system. The reservation system is a government policy that reserves a percentage of seats in educational institutions and jobs in the public sector for socially and economically disadvantaged groups.

History of Reservation System in India

The reservation system in India was first introduced in 1950 after India gained independence from British rule. The system was initiated to provide a level field for social justice and equality to lower castes, scheduled tribes, and backward classes, who were historically marginalized and deprived of education and job opportunities. The first reservation policy was introduced by the government of India in 1954, which provided reservation in government jobs and seats in educational institutions for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. Later, other groups such as Other Backward Classes (OBCs) were also included.

Objective of Reservation System

The primary objective of the reservation system is to uplift the weaker sections of society and provide them with equal opportunities for education and employment. It aims to eliminate the stigma, discrimination, and oppression that the underprivileged and marginalized sections of society have faced for centuries. The reservation system has opened up new avenues for socially and economically backward sections, which were previously inaccessible.

Moreover, the reservation system has also helped in creating a more inclusive and diverse society, which is essential for the growth and development of any country. It has enabled people from different backgrounds to come together and contribute to the progress of the nation. The reservation system has also helped in reducing the gap between different sections of society and promoting social harmony.

Impact of Reservation System in India

Over the years, the reservation system in India has had a significant impact on the lives of many people. It has helped in providing quality education to students from disadvantaged backgrounds, who have excelled in various fields and become successful in various professions. The system has also enabled people from lower castes, scheduled tribes, and backward classes to get employment in the public sector, which was previously inaccessible to them. The reservation system has thus offered crucial opportunities for social and economic mobility to those who might not otherwise have had them.

However, there have been criticisms of the reservation system. Some sections of society argue that it promotes casteism and is unfair to those who do not belong to reserved categories, who may have worked hard and achieved high scores but are unable to get a seat in a college or job because of the reservation system. Moreover, there is a concern that the reservation system has created a sense of entitlement among some beneficiaries and has led to a lack of accountability and merit.


The reservation system is a vital tool for social justice and equality in India. It has enabled many people from socially and economically disadvantaged backgrounds to access education and employment opportunities. While there may be some criticisms of the system, the overall impact of the reservation system has been positive and helped to create a more inclusive and diverse society. The government needs to review and revise the policies to ensure that the system is fair and is not misused. With proper implementation and management, the reservation system can continue to play a vital role in creating a more equitable and just society in India.