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How Does the Reservation Policy Work in India Class 8?

India is a country with a diverse population, consisting of people from different religions, castes, and economic backgrounds. The Indian government has taken many initiatives to provide equal opportunities to all its citizens. One such initiative is the reservation policy, which is aimed at promoting social justice and equal distribution of resources. In this blog post, we will discuss the reservation policy in India and how it works for the students of class 8.

What is the Reservation Policy in India?

The reservation policy in India is a system of affirmative action that aims to provide quotas in education and employment for people from disadvantaged backgrounds. The reservation policy in India was introduced in 1950, under the Constitution of India, to ensure that people from backward and underprivileged sections of society get equal opportunities in education and employment.

Which Categories are Covered Under the Reservation Policy?

The reservation policy in India covers the following categories:- Scheduled Castes (SC)- Scheduled Tribes (ST)- Other Backward Classes (OBC)- Economically Weaker Sections (EWS)

Reservation Policy in Education

The reservation policy in education is implemented in primary, secondary, and higher education. The reservations have been made in the number of seats in educational institutions for the reserved categories. In class 8, the reservation policy applies to admission in secondary schools.

Reservation Policy for Class 8 students

The reservation policy for class 8 students in India is as follows:- 15% of the total seats are reserved for SC students- 7.5% seats are reserved for ST students- 27% seats are reserved for OBC students- 10% seats are reserved for EWS studentsThe reservation policy is implemented in admissions to all government-aided or government schools in India. The private institutions can also implement the policy but it is not compulsory for them.

How is the Reservation Policy Implemented?

The reservation policy is implemented in the admission process. After the announcement of the admission process, the schools give the reservation details in their admission prospectus, along with the general category seats. The students who belong to the reserved categories can apply for the reserved seats. If these seats remain vacant, they can be filled through general category students.

What are the Benefits of the Reservation Policy?

The benefits of the reservation policy are as follows:- The policy provides equal opportunities for the disadvantaged sections of society.- It helps in uplifting the weaker sections of society by providing them education and employment opportunities.- It encourages and motivates students from the reserved categories to pursue education and higher studies.

What are the Criticisms of the Reservation Policy?

There are some criticisms of the reservation policy in India, such as:- The reservation policy promotes inequality and discrimination against other qualified candidates.- It perpetuates caste-based divisions and encourages casteism.- It has led to a decrease in meritocracy and a decline in the quality of education.


The reservation policy in India is an affirmative action that aims to provide equal opportunities to the backward and underprivileged sections of society. It is implemented in education and employment to promote social justice and equal distribution of resources. The policy has its benefits and criticisms, but it is important to ensure that its implementation is fair and just for all. If India wants to become a true democratic country, it is essential to have policies like the reservation policy that promote equality and inclusivity.